Pickling is the removal of a thin layer (in form of stains, inorganic contaminants, foreign matter, grease, oil, rust or scale, everything) from the surface of steel pipes.
Pipeline buoyancy must be considered anytime there is a possibility that pipe flotation could occur or be ready for dramatic damages to the pipeline. Although, it’s a simple calculation but an important aspect.
Hexagon has announced the release of CAESAR II Version-12, the industry-standard software for pipe stress analysis. The new version introduces …
Floating roof tanks are generally used to store volatile liquids to minimize the loss of the stored liquid product. Whereas, fixed roof tanks are generally used in refineries to store the product that does not readily vaporize at ambient or stored temperature conditions.
Expansion loops are one of the most effective ways to increase the flexibility in the piping system. The stress is generated in the pipelines due to thermal expansion or contraction and it can be damped by the arms of the loops mounted vertically to the mainline.
A pipeline has to be routed in such a manner as to avoid any potential weak link, due to its potentially large movement. Bends are the most common weak links of the pipelines. If a bend used in a pipeline is not properly designed, the large bulging movement…
There are a number of typical pipe support clamps and hangers that can be installed to support dead weight loads, and restrain the pipe for thermal and dynamic loads.
The most basic, but important question will be, Which storage system makes more sense for my project: an underground or aboveground system?
The following article will provide a sample case study for Storage Tanks Layout or Tank Farm based on OISD-Standards-118.
In this article, we will learn the tank farm design considerations, storage tanks arrangement, tank farm length, and width calculation, and dyke wall height calculation.