In Germany, inspection documents and certifications were originally specified in the standard DIN 50049. Later,o the European standard EN 10204, was first published in 1991. As per EN10204, Inspection certificates and documents were of the follwing types:
Although metallic piping is widely used today, nonmetallic piping has its own importance, In addition to traditional materials, mankind now has new combinations of nonmetallic piping materials to choose from.
Pickling is the removal of a thin layer (in form of stains, inorganic contaminants, foreign matter, grease, oil, rust or scale, everything) from the surface of steel pipes.
A pressure-temperature rating table or PT rating table is prepared to show the maximum allowable …
A reinforcement pad or RF pad is used to strengthen the fabricated or welded pipe branch connection joints. Standard branch fittings such as Tee and …
Miter Elbow or Miter Bend is a Fabricated Fitting used to change the pipeline direction. The Standard Fittings (Wrought Elbows) are not easily available and economical for the larger sizes.
Pipe wall thickness calculation for piping systems under external pressure or vacuum condition, Jacketed Piping, underwater pipelines, etc. required to consider …
Pipe thickness calculation is a very important activity for every piping engineer. As it required to calculate numerous pipe wall thickness calculations for different design conditions.
The flange rating or class refers to the maximum pressure that a flange withstands at the increasing temperatures. Flanges with a higher rating are stronger than the flanges with a lower rating.
Piping Insulation is a protective layer placed on the outsides of the piping system. It provides a barrier between the flowing fluid of a pipe and the outside environment.